Today Br. Walma Fredi SDB presented about the view of human beings according to Tagore. Though the extract is taken form a book, the presentation was quite good. Here are some of the leading thoughts.
Rabindranath accepted that there is an intimate relationship between human being and nature. Tagore shows the supreme relationship between nature, human being and divine. Philosophically nature for Tagore is the truest form of manifestation of supreme creator. It is through nature that Brahman reveals themselves more vividly than through man. The ultimate goal of human being lies in the yearning for the freedom. Tagore say’s ‘humanity is the necessary factor in the perfection of the divine truth.’ God is love, this love stands for the ultimate human relationship, and its natural relationship is toward unity and oneness with that of the Brahman.
When human beings live a simple and just life the soul may approach the simple union with that of Brahman, which is his goal. The ultimate state is peace, bliss and absence of duality. The ultimate purpose of life which is a hidden purpose and which is ever continuing in outward forms, its goal is the knowledge of knowing the life of life in the vary soul of life.
Tagore’s Concept of Human Being
Freedom of human being is expressed in his/her personality. In human, the conscious which he/she shares with animal has developed itself into personality. What Tagore meant by personality is a self conscious principle of transcendental unity, within man/woman which comprehends all the details of the facts that the individuality in his knowledge and feeling wish and will and work. He believed that the ultimate reality could not be divorced from the personality; the absolute is the supreme personality in intimate, personal and independent relation with human being. He saw personality as the cultural facts of the divine human world relationship.
Tagore believed that the world offers an opportunity to the human being to develop his/her personality. All problems of life are human problem and are open the solution. Personality of man/woman is infinite in nature, because human personality is the realization of the creative ideas of the infinite in the infinite form. Hence, though human personality is finite and oppose to infinite personality it is representative of super person who has expressed himself/herself through any particular centre. Tagore stress that the humans must come out of their shell of his or her individuality to a larger self of humanity.
Human being is an individual. This individual gives him specialty among all creatures and no force can destroy this individuality of him and no other being except God can enter onto this world which he calls mine. What gives man this specialty in the field of individuality is the field of freedom. Tagore say’s man as a person has his individuality which is the field where his spirit has its freedom to express itself and to grow.
Human beings are not only individual. Man feels that he is not complete in him but when only he is in relationship with the perfect man or universal man in him, he is complete. The universality of man has taken two arms. At one place man realize his unity with all human beings by his feelings of unity with the feeling of humanity and at other place he feels himself to be a part of the whole universe by the feeling of unity. But when broadens himself as a wave of big ocean, there is no sorrow, no death for him. Thus the flow of individuality which is united with the flow of humanity becomes the part of the flow of universe.
Relation between Society and World
Man and woman live in the society and the society exist for them, man’s ideal is to serve the society and work for the best development of human social circumstances, influence the character and personality of man and woman. Man and woman can best be developing in the atmosphere of freedom, and society is the responsible for his/her freedom and that that it should not lead into disorder.
Tagore visualizes the society through the process of history. When he advanced his historical analysis of society, he said that the history of knowledge of history is necessary for understanding the currents of the society. He further strewed that the teaching of history should foster the spirit of international sympathies, respect and good will. Tagore say’s ‘man’s history to the unknown in the quart of the realization of his immortal is soul.’
According to Tagore Indian history is that of a social life and attainments of spiritual ideals. Different from that of others. Its remarkable features are not violated by the power of aggression.
Man’s needs are endless. Human being has a vast field of action in the society where he has to seek and suffer to reach his goal. He makes daily laws and rules in social and political fields and inventing new things in the scientific fields. In this field he has fought his mightiest battle, gained continually new life, made death glorious and far from evading troubles, as willingly and continually taken up the burden of flesh troubles.
Tagore says the aim of his philosophy to realize the possibility of divinity in incomplete man. To bring the heaven down to earth is the ideal of social philosophy he also says that the social philosophy aims at the progress of life in all its aspects.